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A Contemporary Commentary of the Qur'an: The Risale-i Nur Collection
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"Ya Sin". Surah 36 of the Holy Qur’an.
YACOUB (PEACE BE UPON HIM)
Jacob, A prophet of Islam. He was also known as Israel. His twelve sons each became head of their own tribe and these were known as the twelve tribes of Israel. Jacob was the son of Ishaaq, who was the son of Ibrahim (Abraham), peace be on them.
The Jews. This term is correctly used to describe the three tribes of Israel - the tribes of Juda, Levi and Benjamin - who after the twelve tribes had escaped from Egypt with Moses, peace be on him, and settled in the Holy Land, seperated from the other tribes of Israel (who were known as the Israelites) and became known as the Judahites. The Term ‘Judahite’ was shortened to ‘Judean’, which was then eventually shortened to ‘Jew’. The judahite Jews re-wrote and altered the Torah several times and formulated the Talmud (incorporating the Mishnah, the Jerusalem Gemara ,the Babylonian Gemara and the Madrash), and their religion became known as Judaism. ‘Yahoud’ is the Arabic equivalent of ‘Judahite’. It is clear, therefore, that the term "yahoud’ can only really be correctly used to describe the Middle Eastern and Sephardhic Jews; and can only be loosely applied to the Ashkenazim Jews who are descendants from the Turkic Russian tribe of the Khazars who embraced Judaism in the seventh century, but who were not originally descendants from any of the twelve tribes of Israel. It is for this reason that some commentators identify the Ashkenazim Jews with ‘Jew wa Majewj’ , Gog and Magog, (since they are ‘Jews’, but not Judahite Jew), about whom it is prophesied in Ezekiel 38-39 that they will come from their place in the far north (Russia), helped by many nations, and attack the land of Israel, and that eventaully there will be a mighty battle in which they will all be destroyed.
YAHYA (PEACE BE UPON HIM)
John the Baptist, A prophet of Islam. Son of the Prophet Zakaria and Al-Yasaabat (Elizabeth), and the maternal cousin of Mariam (mary), Mother of Isa (Jesus), peace be upon them. He was therefore a cousin of the Prophet Isa (Jesus), Son of Mariam (Mary). He was sent by Allah Ta’ala to prepare the way for the Prophet isa. The Prophet Yahya was imprisoned, then later beheaded by Herod in order to prove his infatuation for a dancing girl (his niece). It is unfortunate that Nasara (Christians) choose to call him John, because the name Yahya has a special place in history. He was the man ever to be called Yahya. See Holy Qur’an, Aali ‘Imran (3):39, Al-An’am (6):85, Maryam (19):12-15, Al-Anbiya (21):90-91.
The Miqat of the people of Yemen. See Miqat.
Certainty. Faith in general is based on the Yaqeen of the believer. It has three stages: (1). Ilm al-Yaeen - Knowledge of certainty. (2). Ayn al-Yaqeen - Source of certainty. (3). Haqq al-Yaqeen - Truth of certainty. The Raja of Mahmudabad defined them thus in this metaphor.(1). You are told there is a fire in the forest. (2). You reach the fire in the forest and see it for yourself. (3). You are the fire in the forest. See holy Qur’an,Al-hijr (15):99.
"Allah Ta’ala’s mercy be on you." This is the usual response to a sneezer when he says "Alhamdu lillah" (Praise to Allah") after sneezing.
A place in Shaam. Site of a famous battle.
Orphans. Singular: Yateem . See Yateem.
Orphan. It is major sin to harm, abuse or cheat orphans in any way whatsoever. Allah Ta’ala will give a great reward to anyone who takes care of orphans. Plural: Yatama. See Holy Qur’an, Al-Baqara (2):220, An-Nisa (4):2,6, 10, 127, Al-Isra (17):34.
One of the names of Al-Madinah before the coming of Islam.
Literally means the Day of Payment. Another name for the day of Judgement, when mankind and Jinn will be paid what is due to them, either by being sent to Jannah (Paradise) or to Nar (Hellfire).
Literally means the Day of Standing. This is the Day when we will be raised from our graves and will stand while waiting to be judged by Allah Ta’ala. This day has many names, including: (1.) Al-Qari’a (Day of Clamour). (2.) Al-Taama al-Kubra (The Complete Covering). For a complete list of the names and description of the Yaum al-Qiama.
YUNUS (PEACE BE UPON HIM)
"Jonah" or "Jonas". A Prophet of Islam. He was sent to the city of Nineveh (on the left bank of the Tigris, opposite the city of Mosul, in Iraq, to preach against their wickedness and call them to the worship of Allah. The people of Nineveh at first rejected him, but when he pronounced the curse of Allah upon them, repented their sins. However, he still left the city in anger, forgetting that Allah is full of mercy, as well as forgiveness. As a punishment, Allah Ta’ala caused a whale to swallow him up for a limited time. In the darkness of the whaleŽs stomach, in the darkness of the ocean, in the darkness of the night, Yunus turned to his Lord and asked for His forgiveness. The whale spewed him up on the beach and, after recovering from his ordeal, Yunus returned to the city whose inhabitants all became his followers. He then came to be known as DhuŽl-Noon (man of the whale). See Holy QurŽan, As-Saffa (37):139-149. Surah 10 of the Holy QurŽan.
YUSUF (PEACE BE ON HIM)
"Joseph". A Prophet of Islam. One of the sons of Yacoub (Yacob), peace be on them. Surah 12 of the Holy QurŽan.
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