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Untitled Document
2. THE PERFORMANCE OF PRAYER Article(s)  
Introduction to the performance of prayer
After the worshipper has done the ablution and after the ‘Adhan’ and ‘Iqamah’ are said, the prayer starts as follows.
1. The Early Morning Prayer (Salatu-l-Fajr)
In this prayer two units (Rak’ahs) are offered first as supererogatory (Sunnah). These are followed by two other units as obligatory (Fard).
2. The Noon Prayer (Salatu-z-Zuhr)
This consists of four units as Sunnah, followed by four units as Fard, and then two others as Sunnah.
3. The Mid-Afternoon Prayer (Salatu-l-'Asr)
It consists of four units as Sunnah followed by four others as Fard. These are performed in the same way as the noon prayer and in a low voice.
4. The Sunset Prayer ( Salatu-l-Maghrib)
It consists of three units as Fard followed by two as Sunnah. It may be said in the first two units with a low or audible voice; the third unit is in a low voice.
5. The Evening Prayer (Salatu-l-‘Isha’)
It consists of four units as Fard, two as Sunnah and three as Witr (higher than Sunnah and lower than Fard).
6. The Congregational (Jama’ah) Prayers
1.The congregation is led by an Imam from among the present worshippers. He must be chosen on his merits of religious knowledge and piety.
7. The Friday Prayer (Salatu-l-Jumu’ah)
This service is compulsory upon every Muslim who is required to observe the other prayers and has no reasonable excuses to abstain.
8. The Highlights of the Friday Prayer
... It must be said in a congregation led by an Imam, no single person can offer it by himself...
9. The Significance of ‘Eid Prayers
The ‘Eid Prayer is very important for all Muslims. It has the merits of the daily prayers as explained above, the effects of the weekly convention (Jumu’ah) and the characteristics of annual reunions between Muslims.
10. The Performance of ‘Eid Prayers (Salatu-l-‘Eid)
As on Friday, every worshipper should go to the ‘Eed Congregation in his best, neat, tidy and high – spirited.
11. Shortening of the Prayer
When a person is travelling with the intention of proceeding fortyeight miles or over from his home he should shorten the obligatory prayers of four units to two each.
12. Times When Prayer is Forbidden
The Muslim is forbidden to offer either obligatory or supererogatory prayers at:
13. Making Up For Delayed Prayers
As a rule, every Muslim, male or female, should offer the prayer in its due time.
14. The Taraweeh Prayers
These prayers are special characteristic of the month of Ramadan.
15. Invalidation of Prayers
Any prayer becomes invalid and nullified by any act of the following
16. The Funeral Prayers (Salatu-l-Janazah)
The prayer to God for the deceased Muslim is a common collective duty (Fard Kifayah). This means that some Muslims should offer this prayer, and when it is offered by some of the Muslims present at the time it is sufficient, and the other Muslims become exempt from responsibility.

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